How we got here

2002: Following the Supreme Court Decision, a Virginia Olmstead Task Force was convened by Governor Mark Warner. The Task Force was composed of many consumers, advocates, stakeholders and disability services providers.

2004: Following the completion of “One Community,” the final report of the Olmstead Task Force, Governor Warner issued Executive Order 61, creating a four cabinet-member, 18-state-agency Implementation Team, and a 19-member stakeholder Oversight Advisory Committee.

2005: Governor Warner issued Executive Order 84, to continue implementation of the Olmstead Decision.

These two Executive Orders established:

  • multi-agency Implementation Team,
  • cross-disability, multi-stakeholder advisory committee (the “Commission”),
  • Director of Community Integration for people with disabilities.

2006: Governor Kaine issued Executive Order 2, which continued the Olmstead initiative and directed the Implementation Team to work with the stakeholder group to develop a cross-governmental strategic plan for community integration. The General Assembly codified the stakeholder advisory group into the Community Integration Advisory Commission.

2007: Governor Kaine issued Executive Directive 6, which directs state agencies and entities to be involved with the implementation of Olmstead, and to annually update the Strategic Plan and report to the Governor on progress in implementing it. Several statewide organizations were also invited to join the Team.


 Many other states have developed their own initiative in response to the Olmstead decision. To better understand the effects of the Olmstead ruling, the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) conducted a 50-state survey. Results from that first survey provide an overview of the choices states are making as they act on their obligations under the Olmstead decision. Building on its previous work, NCSL is issuing this second study to continue its review of state planning and implementation activities related to Olmstead with generous support from AARP. NCSL would like to thank AARP's Public Policy Institute and our project officer, Enid Kassner, for both their support and guidance.

The purpose of this study is to:

  • Categorize overall state activities around Olmstead, according to their scope and purpose;
  • Provide detailed descriptive analyses of Olmstead plans, including analyses of priorities, action steps, timetables, budgetary and legislative strategies, and other relevant factors; and
  • Identify and describe targeted efforts planned on behalf of people with disabilities.

State Olmstead Web Sites

 The United States Supreme Court decided the Olmstead v. L.C. case in 1999.

 President Bush issued an Executive Order entitled "Community-Based Alternatives for Individuals with Disabilities" in 2001 as part of the New Freedom Initiative.
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Delivering on the Promise

 The Olmstead case was decided under Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), a comprehensive piece of legislation signed into law in 1990 to make society more accessible to people with disabilities. For more on the ADA, please visit the website: ADA